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Webmatters : Maison Bleu French National Cemetery

Maison Bleu French National Cemetery

Location

Cormicy is a small village situated twenty kilometres north of Reims, slightly to the west of the D 944.

If touring the Chemin des Dames area this large Nécropole Nationale is easily located about eight kilometres to the south of the Tank Monument at Berry Au Bac.

The cathedral at Reims can be seen from the nearby hills and the area alongside the canal is quite picturesque.

I would point out that as this is near the Departmental boundary road numbers can suddenly change. The main road which used to be the National 44 is now the D 1044 in the Aisne and the D 944 here south of the bridge in the Marne.

GPS N E Wikimapia
Decimal 49.374522 3.919115 Map

Nécropole Nationale La Maison Bleu

 

Historical Information

Created during the war this Nécropole Nationale is known as the Maison Bleue (Blue House) and contains the remains of 14,430 French soldiers of the First World War.

Nearly 7,000 of them are buried in the large ossuaries and the majority of these are unidentified.

There are also a few burials from the Second World War including another two British soldiers.

Ossuary No 1

Ossuary No 1 contains 3112 burials, of which only 87 are identified

The term ossuary is used to mean a chamber containing the bones of the victims ; a mass burial. My understanding of the naming of some of these casualties is that the authorities were aware that a particular soldier was amongst the remains but were not able to identify his entire body separately enough for an individual burial.

This sometimes happens in CWGC cemeteries as well. You may see a small group marked as Buried near this spot. I think of the idea of soldiers hit by the same shell. We know that the bodies are Fred and George but who knows what belongs to whom. If this makes macabre reading think on how it must have been for their friends to have been sifting through the actual remains.

 

Nécropole Nationale La Maison Bleu

Maison Bleue Cemetery

 

The cemetery was enlarged between 1922 and 1924 by the consolidation of smaller cemeteries within the area. This consolidation was extended in 1933 to include burials from as far away as Sapigneul at Berry au Bac.

It was at this stage that the entrance gates were erected and the old wooden crosses replaced by those of concrete.

In France, burials were the responsibility of the Département within which the death occurred. This explains why Sapigneul in the Marne was not consolidated to the closer cemetery at Berry au Bac which is in the Aisne.

 

Nécropole Nationale de Hermonville

According to the maps and even the noticeboard there is a small French Military Cemetery at Hermonville a few kilometres further down the road towards Reims.

This is no longer the case.

The Hermonville Cemetery Plot

The Hermonville Cemetery Plot

Hermonville contained just twelve soldiers of whom eight were unidentified. It was originally known as the Cimetière de moulin de Cauroy (Cauroy Mill Cemetery) and contained graves of soldiers from the 114e and 119e Régiments d’Infanterie who fought at the Ferme de Luxembourg and at Godat in 1914.

The owner of the small plot of land donated it to the State in 1933 and erected this cross when, most unusually, the cemetery was not consolidated with the others.

 


Sergent William Robert Sutton

Sergent William Robert Sutton 716
74e Régiment d’Infanterie
Born on 23rd September 1889
at Dieppe (Seine Inférieure)
Died on 19th September 1914 aged 24
Killed at the Ferme de Luxembourg

Grave: 7399

Originally buried at Hermonville


Sergent Maxime Maronet

Sergent Maxime Maronet 1246
120e Régiment d’Infanterie
Born on 7th August 1891
at Cantignies (Nord)
Died on 22nd April 1914 aged 22
Killed at la Neuville

Grave: 5444


Caporal Augustin Perringérard

Caporal Augustin Perringérard 84630
328e Régiment d’Infanterie
Born on 29th April 1879
at Cerre les Noroy (Haute Saõne)
Died on 26th April 1917 aged 37
Died as result of his injuries at Casualty Clearing Station No 15

Grave: 4644

 

Two soldiers from the 1er Régiment d’Infanterie

The French 1er Régiment d’Infanterie (1st Foot) has the distinction of being the oldest Infantry Regiment in Europe.

Formed from the Picard Militia (1479) it became the Régiment de Picardie in 1564.

On the 29th June 1734 during the battle of San Pietro their colonel Charles de Rohan-Rochefort, Prince of Montauban (1693-1768) was asked by a fellow officer if Provence (That is the Regiment) could relieve them.

The reply was a curt : On ne relève pas Picardie — One does not relieve Picardie.

This became the regimental motto and has accompanied them throughout their various transformations, through the revolution, to the restoration, and onwards.

They were first designated the 1er RI in 1803 and with a few slight changes have remained that ever since.

On the outbreak of the war the regiment was based in Cambrai and along with all other Active Regiments formed its Reserve Regiment the 201e RI (Regimental number +200).

They served with distinction throughout the war and carry Verdun and the Somme amongst their Battle Honours.

They are currently based at Sarrebourg as part of the Franco-German Brigade. If you look at their coat of arms, it carries the double headed eagle of Cambrai (which by origin was a major town in the Holy Roman Empire).

A former Captain with the regiment was Louis XIV’s military engineer, Vauban.


Soldat Théodore Mage

Soldat Théodore Mage 1566
1er Régiment d’Infanterie
Born on 10th March 1888
at Astaillac (Corrèze)
Died on 12th September 1915 aged 27
Killed in the trenches at Sapigneul

Grave: 3785


Soldat Fernand Delrue

Soldat Fernand Delrue 2405
1er Régiment d’Infanterie
Born on 8th May 1889
at Roubaix (Nord)
Died on 29th April 1917 aged 27
Died as a result of his injuries at the Casualty Clearing Station at Prouilly

Grave: 5989

 

Other cemeteries in the area